A new page, begun September 2017.
Here, tell of the advantages of the cylinder phonograph.
Then, list the various known devices, with their date (as far as these are known).
Descriptions & images to be added as & when.
(a) Neophone recording outfit – ca. 1907. Vertical cut on wax blanks.
(b) Edison Bell ‘Eureka’ apparatus. (Actually the Neophone, bought up by EB when Neophone folded.)
(c) ‘Retor’ device – Though to be of Belgian origin, & to date around 1925. May have been sold in the U.K. Vertical cut on wax blanks.
A ‘Retor’ device installed on a 1923 HMV table gramophone during the early stages of trying to make it work. The ‘Retor’, that is: the gramophone works fine already! 8^) The horn is not a Retor horn, but is very similar.
Close-up of the Retor arm, showing the turn-over set up. There are, as yet, no diaphragms installed. Additionally, there is so far no inkling at all as to how the arm was propelled across the turntable – though a rod attached to the curled bar was involved. (That rod is missing from our device.)
(d) Kingston’s Home Recorders. Mid or late 1920s. Mechanical system. Lateral embossing on aluminium disc; a larger disc propelled the recording box via an outrigger.
(e) Speakeasie – later 1920s. Mechanical System. Lateral embossing on aluminium disc; a larger disc propelled the recording box via an outrigger.
(e1) Cairns & Morrison. Had a studio in London, certainly in 1930, using embossing on aluminium; their discs were called ‘Silvatone Souvenir’. They probably sold their device also.
(f) Fayotone – early 1930s – both mechanical and electrical versions were available.
(g) Ekco ‘Radiocorder’ – early 1930s. Electrical only.
(h) Majestic(?) Early 1930s, electrical only.
(i) MSS – Marguerite Sound Studios. Semi-professional & professional use. Rapidly taken up by the BBC ca. 1934.
(j) Permarec. Mid to late 1930s. Made in Germany(?) by Musikon. Aluminium disc with coating base on Gelatine. This required baking to cure it.
Add others from WW 1937 – e.g. Parmeko &c.