General site info.

(See also the page ‘Terms used re. 78s’. It’s under the ‘Stuff about 78s’ tab.)

1. Unless otherwise stated, all the disc records illustrated are 10″ (25cm) diameter, double sided, lateral cut and start at the edge.

2. Other diameters are given in inches and, usually, centimetres. Vertical cut records are rarely encountered,  but are noted when they occur. The only option from edge start is centre start, and this is confined to earlier Pathé discs. Just to add to the general festivities, these Pathés are also vertical cut!

3. S/s = single sided.

4. A date such as 09-1914 or 07-10-1923 is the dd-mm-yyyy the record is known – or thought – to have been issued. The recording date would generally be a few weeks earlier, but there are many examples when it might be a long time, or even many years before, so please bear this in mind.

5. A known recording date is given in the same format, but prefixed R. For example: R 14-07-1924. If it’s an estimate, C. (circa) is put before the date.

6. Do not depend on dating a record merely by its label. This is often reliable, but major companies would often keep a disc in catalogue for many years. So each time they re-pressed it, it would bear the then-current label. For an example of this, go to Zonophone and read about the 12″ (30cm) disc Zonophone A-16.

SOURCES.

Each label has brief notes or explanation. Usually, it begins with a reference to an article giving more information on the label. Indeed, we have based most of our brief sketches on these articles.

Unfortunately, many of those magazines and journals are not easy to find. It is hoped they may eventually be brought together in a complete body, and made available once again, perhaps in digital or on-line format. A good start has already been made: the first 220 issues of the ‘Hillandale News’ are available on CD-ROM as stated below. See www.clpgs.org.uk/misc

Above all, you will see the name Frank Andrews occurring again and again in these pages. His indefatigable work, over many decades, is the heart and soul of our knowledge of early British record labels – not to mention a good many later ones!

Besides articles, very many complete label listings have been published in book form, mostly by the City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society (de facto, the British National Society for these matters), and in such cases, a link is given to the CLPGS site, where you will find more details of these valuable publications.

Abbreviations for authors, periodicals and books most often cited:

FA = Frank Andrews.
HD = “Hillandale News” – Journal of the City Of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society, 1960 – 2001.
A CD-ROM containing issues 1 to 220 of “Hillandale News” 1960 – 1998 is available from the CLPGS: www.clpgs.org.uk/misc .
FTR = “For the Record” – Journal of the City Of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society, 2002 to date.
TMR = “Talking Machine Review” – Ernie Bayly 1969 – 1989; John Booth 1989 – 2001.
BRI = The British Record Industry During the Reign of Edward VII: 1901-1910 by Frank Andrews. CLPGS Reference Series No.3, 2010.
NR = ‘Nicole Record’: a Discography and history by Michael Kinnear. Pub. Michael Kinnear, Victoria, Australia, 2001.
E78PB = The English 78 Picture Book. Don Taylor. Artemis Publishing Consultants, Hobart, Tasmania, 1993.

IMAGES.

The images for each label are in a gallery. Click on the image to enlarge it. By using the arrow keys on your keyboard, you can scroll through them.

Or, click the arrow at the foot of the image, and you can see a slideshow, each label for 5 seconds. Click the small white cross or press the ‘Esc’ key to close the image or slideshow.

A question mark appears for labels for which no image is available to us. If you have an image to share, please contact us. We will be very grateful for your help, and your name will of course appear under your label. Please write to webmaster@early78s.uk .

A SHORT TRIBUTE TO FRANK ANDREWS, 1920 – 2015.

Alas, Frank Andrews passed away in 2015. Sincere condolences to his family have been echoed by many all over the world, who have benefited and learned so much from his discographical researches and publications over a period of nearly 50 years. Frank consistently consulted prime sources, many of which were previously untapped. Trade mark registration ledgers, the entries at Companies House, the archives of Law Courts, Bankruptcy proceedings, Stationers’ Hall and other copyright archives, Phonograph and Gramophone Trade Journals, the EMI Archives and many more. The results speak for themselves: below we append a selected bibliography compiled by Bill Dean-Myatt M. Phil. As for this modest web-site, very little indeed of it would exist without Frank’s work. There must be several hundred references to his writings here. Moreover, he was a man modest to a fault. Still, by his own admission, his first great moment of satisfaction was during researches on the famous ‘His Master’s Voice’ trade mark painting by Francis Barraud. Discovering that the painting had been copyrighted, Frank examined many hundreds of copyright registration records. Eventually he found Barraud’s application, which was, as expected, accompanied by a photograph of the original painting – which as you probably know, did not picture a brass-horned gramophone, but an Edison Commercial cylinder Phonograph! Frank was the first person to see this since it had been filed away in 1899, and it was soon published for us all in 1973. Few of us will ever make such a signal discovery; but every time we consult one of the countless articles and record listings he wrote and compiled, we nevertheless discover something we wanted to know. Thank you very much indeed, Frank Andrews, for enabling us to do this.

Norman Field.

FRANK ANDREWS – A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY.

by Bill Dean-Myatt, M. Phil.

Readers of For the Record are used to reading discographies and articles about record company history. They may be surprised to see, possibly for the first time, a small, selected bibliography of Frank.

No one with an interest in records can fail to know of the immense amount of research that has been completed by our own Frank Andrews. His articles in a variety of magazines and journals must run in to hundreds while countless numbers of sleeve notes, books and article acknowledgments bear witness to the massive contribution he has made to providing the basic tools that enable us to have a fuller understanding of our hobby.

I have listed below all those major publications with which Frank has been involved over the years, I feel that it will remind people of just how prolific he has been and just how much we all owe to him.

Books and Booklets (**EMI Group labels) in order of publication.

CARTER, Sydney & ANDREWS, Frank.(1975) A Catalogue of Sterling Cylinders and A History. Bournemouth. Talking Machine Review.

ANDREWS, Frank & BAYLY, Ernie(1982) Billy Williams – A Study In Discography. Bournemouth. Talking Machine Review.

ANDREWS, Frank (1986) Edison Phonograph, The British Connection. Rugby. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank, BADROCK, Arthur & WALKER, Edwards S. (1992) World Records, Vocalion “W” & Fetherrflex. Spalding. Frank Andrews, Arthur Badrock, & Edward S. Walker.

ANDREWS, Frank (1997) Brass Band Cylinder & Non-Microgroove Disc Recordings 1903-1960. Winchester, Piccolo Press

ANDREWS, Frank & BAYLY, Ernie (1998) Jumbo Records. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank & BAYLY, Ernie (1999). Zonophone. Numerical Listing by Block Number. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank & BAYLY, Ernie. (2000) Catalogue of HMV “B” Series Records. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank & SMITH, Michael (2000) The Parlophone 12” E-10000 Series. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**BADROCK, Arthur & ANDREWS, Frank (2000) The “Cinch” Record. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank (2001) Columbia 10” Records 1904-30. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**SMITH, Michael & ANDREWS, Frank (2002). Columbia Graphophone Company, English Celebrity Series. 10″ & 12″ D, LB, L, LX, YB, RO, ROX & D-40000 series. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank. (2002), A Fonotipia Fragmentia – A History of the Societa Italiana di Fonotipia, Milano, 1903-1943. Historic Singers Trust.

**ANDREWS, Frank & HAYES, Jim (2003) Columbia Graphophone Company “DB” series. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank & ARMFIELD Colin. (2003) Polyphon, Klingsor & Pilot Records. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank & SMITH, Michael (2004) Columbia Graphophone Company, FB Prefixed Series 10″. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank & SMITH, Michael (2004) HMV “C” Series, Complete Catalogue of Records. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank et al (2005) Columbia Phonograph Co, Complete Catalogue of Cylinders. Cobham. Dominic Coomb.

**BADROCK, Arthur & ANDREWS, Frank (2005) The Complete Regal Catalogue. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society

**ANDREWS, Frank. (2006). Catalogue of Zonophone Double Sided Records. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank, HAYES, James G. & BAYLY, Ernie (2006) Double Sided Zonophone Records. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank (2010), The British Recording Industry During the Reign of Edward VII, 1901-1910. Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank & DEAN-MYATT, Bill (2011). Favorite Record in the United Kingdom (CD-rom & book). Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank (2011) Phonograph Cylinder Histories – Britannia, British Lambert & Star (CD-rom and Book). Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank & DEAN-MYATT, Bill (2011). Beka Record in the United Kingdom (CD-rom & Book). Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank (2011) Phonography Cylinder Histories – Electric, International Indestructible & Russell (CD-rom & Book).

ANDREWS, Frank (2012) A History of the Marketing of Sound Recordings in Britain, 1890-1903. Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank. (2012)Phonograph Cylinder Histories – Clarion (CD-rom & book). Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank. Phonograph Cylinder Histories – Sterling (CD-rom & Book). Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank & DEAN-MYATT, Bill (2013) Homophone & Homochord Records in the United Kingdom (CD-rom & book). Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, Frank & HARRISON, Keith (2013) Phonograph Cylinder Histories – The Pirates (CD-rom & Book). Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, FRANK & WOOD-WOOLEY, TIM (2013) The Edison 4 Minute Cylinder in Great Britain. (CD-rom & book). Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

ANDREWS, FRANK & DEAN-MYATT, Bill (2014) Imperial Records (CD-rom & book). Hailsham. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

**ANDREWS, Frank & SMITH, Michael ( – ) Parlophone Odeon Series. Wells-next-the-Sea. City of London Phonograph & Gramophone Society.

BADROCK, Arthur, ANDREWS, Frank & PILCHER, Grant ( – ) Filmophone Discography. Gillingham. Talking Machine Review

**SMITH, Michael & ANDREWS, Frank. ( – ) His Master’s Voice Recordings, BD series 10″ Magenta Label 78rpm. Gillingham. Michael Smith.

British disc records of the 'Acoustic' Era.